This from the French Government’s website (September 11 2014):
“The bill on the Future of Agriculture, Food and Forestry was definitively adopted by a large majority in Parliament. The text provides a more ecological focus on this sector. Produce, develop, research and teach differently: this is the aim of the law.
The objective of economic, environmental and social performance is now set out in legislation, with the development of agroecology in teaching and research, and the creation of economic and environmental interest groupings (EEIG). This law marks a new phase in land policy by encouraging the establishment of young farmers and the protection of agricultural land.
It also marks an important step in the consideration of society’s expectations with the reduction in the use of pesticides and the development of alternatives for plant protection (biological control, natural preparations, etc.).
This text sets out the objective and means of a restricted use of antibiotics in livestock farming for the first time in legislation. It marks a major advance in the fight against antibiotic resistance and is one of the key priorities of the agroecology project for France.
Protect agricultural land and combat the transformation of land
In the same way that environmental compensation exists for infrastructure projects, in the future there will also be an agricultural compensation. As such, major projects and works which take up agricultural land will now have to compensate the losses of agricultural potential by financing projects that help strengthen the agricultural economy of the territory.
Phytosanitary products: protect vulnerable individuals while protecting crops
In order to protect vulnerable individuals, adapted measures of protection (hedges, timetables and dates for product use, etc.) will be put in place in proximity to the places they frequent (children’s playgrounds, schools, day nurseries, childcare centres, recreational centres, heath care facilities, hospitals, retirement homes). If not, a minimum distance of use set according to local situations or the types of production concerned will be enforced.
In addition, the text authorises wolf culls in areas of strengthened protection, defined by the Prefects, for a period of no more than one year if substantial damage is reported for pastoral activities.
Measures for forests
Finally, the law acknowledges the ecological role of forests and provides for measures to combat the import and sale of illegally logged timber or timber products.”